WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development

Print ISSN: 1790-5079
E-ISSN: 2224-3496

Volume 13, 2017

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

Volume 13, 2017

The Analysis of the Building Structure Situation, Accumulation and Distribucion of the “Ujemani” Watersheds and its Impact on the Effectiveness of Catchments

AUTHORS: Ilir Morina, Agim Neziri, Andina Vllahiu, Naser Bajraktari, Valmir Zogaj, Merita Mehmeti

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ABSTRACT: There are only 1600 cubic meter water per year per capita or approximately up to 121.2 m³/sec, in Kosovo[9]. This results in insufficient reserves, which will have an impact, in the future, for economic and social development [7]. One of the largest accumulations, in Kosovo, is the Ujemani reservoir and dam, which provides water accumulation – the amount of which is used to supply the raw water in the Kosovo Energy Corporation, Ferronickel, and Trepca. The Iber-Lepenci supplies the regional water supply of Mitrovica and Prishtina with raw water (for Drenas) and it is also used for electricity generation in HP Ujeman 2x17.5 MW – 95GWh/year. The public company of Iber-Lepenc is responsible for the water management. The Iber-Lepenc facilities are expanded in seven municipalities – Zubin Potok, Mitrovica, Vushtrri, Obiliq, Prishtina, Fushe Kosova and Drenas. The height of the Ujemani dam is 107.5m, with an area of 11.9km². The enterprise is responsible for the accumulation of 375 million m³ of water for Ujeman, which also includes the Ujeman hydropower[1]. Out of this accumulation, more than half of Kosovo is supplied with water. Furthermore, 20.000 hectares of farmland are irrigated, and it supplies the main energy and mining industry and produces hydro-energy from 2x17MW/h [12]. The structure analyses of the “Ujemani” accumulation and its water distributive structure have incurred damages; their reconstruction, amount of water loss are due to the damage from the mismanagement and non-maintenance of the infrastructure. The international models of water management are the key topic discussion in this study. The previous researches have been analyzed critically, regarding the total cumulative infrastructure, as the Ujemani catchment system. The essence of this paper is to analyze the amount of water flow in the river, by analyzing and comparing the amount of the average monthly, annual and multi-year rainfalls. The inflow from rivers that flow into the river, building a model for researching the situation of the infrastructure setters, efficiency, supply of water industry and economic and social needs for the next few years, have had an impact on the problems and challenges, constructions of channels, and their expansion. Using the model to formulate hypotheses, regarding the impact of these factors on the value of the system as a whole and the channel in particular, to provide recommendations on the rehabilitation of special facilities, such as aqueducts, tunnels and siphons. The rehabilitation of these channels is in the form of trapeze and rehabilitation of joints on the rehabilitation, maintenance of drainage, etc.

KEYWORDS: Ujamnai, accumulation, main canal, irrigation, hydro-system, agriculture, industry


[1] Arkivat e N.H. Ibër-Lepencish.a. “Projektet Ndërtimore të Ekzekutuara”, 2015, Prishtina

[2] Asamble of Kosovo, Ligji për ndërmarrjet publike, 2015, (Law No. 03/L-087)

[3] Banka Botërore, Banka Europiane, Qeveria e Kosovës ‘‘Feasibility Study for Protection of Iber Lepenc Canal Kosovo'',2014

[4] Duffy, M., Challenges in the Water Industry, Infrastructure and its Role in Water Supply,2014

[5] Chambers, K. Creaskey, J. Forbes, L. , Design and operation of distribution networks,2004,f.2

[6] Fronne, S. Water Infrastructure and SocioEconomic Development Issues, 2014

[7] MMPH 2013, “Gjengja e Mjedisit në Kosovë 2011-2012' '

[8] MMPH, Permbledhja_ Strategjia e Ujërave të Kosovës.pdf, 2015, Prishtina

[9] MESP/KEPA, The State of Water in Kosovo, Report. Prishtina, 2010

[10] Gunter Wriedt, Marijn Van der Velde, Alberto Aloe, Fayçal Bouraoui, Water Requirements for Irrigation in the European Union, EUR 23453 EN - 2008

[11],18#. VEYC5NKqpBc 10.10.2015. ges/stor s/File/publikime/2008_03-L087_al.pdf.

[13] United Nation Popullation Information Network, Population and Water Resources, 2007

[14] FARLEY, Malcom, TROW, Stuart, Losses in Water distribution networks: a practitioner’s guide to assessment, monitoring, and control.2003. pg. 2

[15] DWORAK, Thomas, BERGLUND, Maria, LAASER, Cornelius, STROSSER, Pierre, ROUSSARD, Water Saving Potential 2007. pg 188. EU. pdf/water_saving_1.pdf. 11.22.2015.

[16] Brikke, F., Operation and Maintenance of rural water supply and sanitation systems, 2000. f. 51.

WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1790-5079 / 2224-3496, Volume 13, 2017, Art. #26, pp. 242-251

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

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