Other Articles by Authors

Husain Ahmed
Abha Rajoriya

Authors and WSEAS

Husain Ahmed
Abha Rajoriya

WSEAS Transactions on Systems and Control

Print ISSN: 1991-8763
E-ISSN: 2224-2856

Volume 12, 2017

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

Volume 12, 2017

A Hybrid of Sliding Mode Control and Fuzzy Gain Scheduling PID Control Using Fuzzy Supervisory Switched System for DC Motor Speed Control System

AUTHORS: Husain Ahmed, Abha Rajoriya

Download as PDF

ABSTRACT: This paper shows another way to deal with speed control of DC Motor. Two nonlinear controllers, one of sliding mode control and the other Fuzzy gain scheduling PID, characterize another control structure. Essentially, in this configuration procedure, the SMC and Fuzzy gain scheduling PID controller have been consolidated by a switching system which is chosen by the Fuzzy supervisory system. The sliding-mode controller acts essentially in a transient state while the fuzzy gain scheduler PID controller acts in the steady state. The new structure epitomizes the favorable circumstances that both nonlinear controllers offer: sliding-mode controllers provides the fast rise time and fuzzy gain scheduling PID controllers lessening the chattering in the steady state. The simulation results show that utilizing the new hybrid SMC fuzzy gain scheduling PID controller gives "better" system response as far as transient and steady state are concerned when compared with the SMC or fuzzy gain scheduling PID controller’s applications. The controller parameters are tuned with the help of fuzzy logic.

KEYWORDS: sliding mode control SMC, Fuzzy gain scheduling based control FGSPID, hybrid control, DC Motor


[1] Åström, K.J. and Hagglund, T., 1995. PID Controllers:Theory, design and tuning. ISA Pres, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

[2] Kwok, D.P., Tam, P., Li, C.K., Wang, P., 1990, “Linguistic PID controllers.” Proceedings of the 11th World Congress, Tallin, Estonia, 7, 192-197.

[3] Brehm, T., Rattan, K.S., 1993. “Hybrid fuzzy logic PID controller.” Proceeding of the IEEE National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Vol:2, 807-813.

[4] Er, M. J., Sun, Y.L., 2001. “Hybrid fuzzy proportiona lintegral plus conventional derivative control of linear and nonlinear systems.” IEEE Trans. On IndustrialElectronics 48(6),1109-1117.

[5] Ketata, R., Geest, D.D., Titli, A., 1995. “Fuzzy controller: design, evaluation, parallel and hierarchical combination with a PID controller.” Fuzzy Sets and Systems (71), 113-129.

[6] Priyanka Sharma, Er. Silki Baghla “Performance of Hybrid Fuzzy and Fuzzy Self Tuning PID Controller for any Order Transfer Function” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2014 ISSN: 2277 128X

[7] Mahmoud Moosavi Mehdi Eram, Arzhang Khajeh, Omid Mahmoudi and Farzin Piltan “ Design New Artificial Intelligence Base Modified PID Hybrid Controller for Highly Nonlinear System” International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Vol. 57, August, 2013

[8] F. Barrero, A. González, A. Torralba, E. Galván, and L. G. Franquelo “Speed Control of Induction Motors Using a Novel Fuzzy Sliding-Mode Structure” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 10, NO. 3, JUNE 2002 pp 375-383

[9] Husain Ahmed ,Arpit Goel, Ankit Uniyal,Anurag Bahuguna, Rituraj S. Patwal “Performance Comparison of PID and Fuzzy Logic Controller Using Different Defuzzification Techniques for Positioning Control of DC Motors” Journal of Information Systems and Communication, ISSN: 0976-8742 & E-ISSN: 0976-8750, Volume 3, Issue1, 2012,pp.-235-238.

[10] K. Ogata, “Modern Control Engineering”, Second Edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc., (1995).

[11] V. I. Utkin, “Sliding mode control design principles and applications to electric drives,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 40, Feb. 1993.

[12] A. Suyitno, J. Fujikawa,H.Kobayashi, andY. Dote, “Variable-structured robust controller by fuzzy logic for servomotors,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 40, Feb. 1993.

[13] C.C. Hang, K.J. Astrom and W.K. Ho, “Refinements of the Ziegler–Nichols Tuning Formula” IEEE Control Theory and Applications, Vol. 138, No. 2, pp. 111–118, Mar. 1991.

[14] L. Wang, M. Tian and Y. Gao, “Fuzzy Self-adapting PID Control of PMSM Servo System,” IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference., Vol. 1, pp. 860– 863, May.2007.

[15] F. Barrero, E. Galván, A. Torralba, and L. G. Franquelo, “Fuzzy selftuning system for induction motor controllers,” in Eur. Power Electronics Conf., Seville, Spain, Sept. 1995.

[16] F. Barrero, A. Torralba, E. Galván, and L. G. Franquelo, “A switching fuzzy controller for induction motors with self-tuning capability,” in IECON-95, Orlando, FL, Nov. 1995.

[17] Z.-Y. Zhao, M. Tomizuka, and S. Isaka, “Fuzzy gainscheduling of PID controllers,” IEEE Trans. Syst., Man,. Cybern., Vol. 23, 1993, pp.1392–1398.

[18] L. A. Zadeh, “Fuzzy sets,” Information Control, vol. 8, (1965), pp. 338-353.

[19] T. C. Chen and J. U. Hsu, “A fuzzy sliding-mode controller for induction motor position control,” in Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Industrial Electronics, Control Instrumentation, New York, 1994, pp. 44–49.

[20] Pornjit Pratumsuwan, Siripun Thongchai and Surapun Tansriwong “A Hybrid of Fuzzy and Proportional-IntegralDerivative Controller for Electro-Hydraulic Position Servo System” Energy Research Journal 1 (2): 62-67, 2010, ISSN 1949-0151 © 2010 Science Publication

WSEAS Transactions on Systems and Control, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1991-8763 / 2224-2856, Volume 12, 2017, Art. #10, pp. 106-113

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Bulletin Board


The editorial board is accepting papers.

WSEAS Main Site