WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development

Print ISSN: 1790-5079
E-ISSN: 2224-3496

Volume 13, 2017

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

Volume 13, 2017

An Ordination οf Western and Chinese Burial Sites

AUTHORS: Haoxuan Xu, Jon Bryan Burley, Pat Crawford, Yu Wang, Zhi Yue, Robert Schutzki

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ABSTRACT: Burial grounds, as one of the most important landscape settings that connect the living and the dead, can often represent culture, tradition, and aesthetic representation of a local community; therefore, understanding the similarities and differences among the burial sites can help people understand the culture and tradition of places behind the burial sites. This research examines the similarities and differences among different Western and Chinese burial sites, including Pere Lachaise in Paris, three municipal cemeteries in Michigan, USA, three public cemeteries in Shanghai, China, two Chinese imperial tombs in Nanjing, China, and two rural ancestral burial grounds in Jiangsu, China. Cluster Analysis with Principal Component Analysis is applied to this research. Eighty-seven significant variables are used for the calculation of Cluster Analysis. Six meaningful latent principal components were discovered further analysis. The first two principal components are used as primary dimensions for burial site comparisons. The result shows that principal component 1 can be used to compare sites along a softscape/hardscape dimension and principal component 2 expresses the level of fengshui elements in the site. Fengshui burial, planning, and design literature and examples are also presented in the discussion. The research further suggests the three public cemeteries in Shanghai are culturally integrated fusion cemeteries that inherit traditional Chinese philosophies and adopt Western influences. Two regression lines are presented to predict the relative position of traditional Chinese cemeteries and Western/Chinese fusion cemeteries within the ordination.

KEYWORDS: landscape architecture, burial geography, environmental design, fengshui, Taoism, picturesque


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WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1790-5079 / 2224-3496, Volume 13, 2017, Art. #47, pp. 452-469

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

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