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Fahad Al Basir
Priti Kumar Roy

Authors and WSEAS

Fahad Al Basir
Priti Kumar Roy

WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development

Print ISSN: 1790-5079
E-ISSN: 2224-3496

Volume 13, 2017

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

Volume 13, 2017

Optimization of Biodiesel Synthesis in a Batch Reactor Using Maximum Principle

AUTHORS: Fahad Al Basir, Priti Kumar Roy

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ABSTRACT: Biodiesel is produced through transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats. It significantly depends on many reaction parameters among which temperature and stirring are most important. In transesterification, reaction rates follow Arrhenius equation (i.e. function of temperature). Also, effect of stirring effect on reaction rate can be described as Boltzmann sigmoid form (as a function of stirring). On that outlook, in this research article, a mathematical model is proposed to study the simultaneous effect of stirring and temperature on transesterification process. A two control parameters optimal control problem is formulated to optimize biodiesel yield. Maximum principle is used to solved the optimal control problem. The optimal control problem is solved using numerically method in Matlab. Simulation results of the optimality system are plotted in figures and found to be satisfactory.

KEYWORDS: Biodiesel, Transesterification, Stirring, Temperature, Maximum Principle


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WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1790-5079 / 2224-3496, Volume 13, 2017, Art. #27, pp. 252-261

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

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