WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development

Print ISSN: 1790-5079
E-ISSN: 2224-3496

Volume 13, 2017

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

Volume 13, 2017

Physicochemical Quality of Surface Water: Background Study Prior of the Milky River Sub-Basin, Abitibi, Canada

AUTHORS: Patrick Vualu Ibula Mambenga, Abdelkabir Maqsoud, Benoit Plante, Mostafa Benzaazoua, Yyan Ducharme

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ABSTRACT: In spite of its economic benefits, the mining industry can have many negative impacts on the environment, more specifically, on surface water quality. The evaluation of the impact of the mining activity must therefore be addressed adequately with a background study prior to mining operation areas. Thirteen active and past producing mines are located inside the sub-basin of the Milky. These mining sites may contribute to the water mineralization of the surface waters and sediments of the Milky river system. In the present study, nine metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn were measured at thirty (30) surface water locations during two years in the catchment area of the Milky river. The data collected served to calculate the Metal pollution index (MPI) and the Metal index (MI) to evaluate the surface water quality. The MI values suggest that all the samples are contaminated, while only some of the samples are considered contaminated according to the MPI values. However, it is impossible to discriminate the origin of this contamination between the natural enriched geochemical background of this sub-basin and the anthropic activities. This discrepancy between the two pollution evaluation methods demonstrate that their interpretation needs to be adapted to the context of mining districts that have both a high natural geochemical background and are affected by past and present mining activities.

KEYWORDS: Surface water, Metals, Metal pollution index, Metal index


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WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1790-5079 / 2224-3496, Volume 13, 2017, Art. #6, pp. 43-48

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

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