WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics

Print ISSN: 1109-9526
E-ISSN: 2224-2899

Volume 16, 2019

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

Volume 16, 2019

Fun at Work and Employee Performance: The Roles of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Manufacturing Companies

AUTHORS: Indi Djastuti, Susilo Toto Rahardjo, Lala Irviana, Udin Udin

Download as PDF

ABSTRACT: This study aims to examine the relationship between fun at work and employee performance by using the mediation role of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. A sample of 170 respondents who worked in manufacturing companies is used. By employing structural equation modeling to test hypotheses proposed, this study found that there is no significant direct effect of fun at work on employee performance. This study further found that there is a significant indirect effect of fun at work on employee performance mediated by job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Therefore, the organization needs to create activities that will give employees a sense of excitement as a way to satisfy and increase their commitment to performance improvement.

KEYWORDS: fun at work, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, employee performance


[1] Akbar, A. B., Udin, Wahyudi, S., & Djastuti, I. 2018. “Spiritual Leadership and Employee Performance: Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment in Indonesian Public University.“ Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(12), 4344-4352.

[2] Araújo, M.S.G. de, and P.M.P.R. Lopes. 2015. “Virtuous Leadership, Organizational Commitment and Individual Performance.” Tékhne - Review of Applied Management Studies. Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave (IPCA).

[3] Budaya, Lieng Sintan Eka. 2013. “Analisis Pengaruh Pembelian Strategik Dan Pengembangan Pemasok Terhadap Kinerja Pemasok Serta Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kelangsungan Hubungan Dengan Pemasok (Studi Kasus Di PT. Djarum).” Universitas Diponegoro.

[4] Choi, Young Gin, Junehee Kwon, and Wansoo Kim. 2013. “Effects of Attitudes vs Experience of Workplace Fun on Employee Behaviors: Focused on Generation Y in the Hospitality Industry.” International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 25 (3): 410–27.

[5] Davar, S. C., and RanjuBala. 2012. “Relationship between Job Satisfaction & Job Performance : A Meta-Analysis.” The Indian Journal of Industrial Relations 48 (2): 290– 305.

[6] Dessler, Gary. 2013. Resource Management Thirteenth Edition.

[7] Ferdinand, Augusty. 2014. Metode Penelitian Manajemen. 5thed. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

[8] Fisher, Cynthia D. 2000. “Mood and Emotions While Working: Missing Pieces of Job Satisfaction?” Journal of Organizational Behavior 21 (2): 185.

[9] Fluegge-Woolf, Erin R. 2014. “Play Hard, Work Hard.” Management Research Review 37 (8): 682–705.

[10] Fluegge, Erin Rae. 2008. “Who Put The Fun in Functional? Fun at Work and Its Effects on Job Performance.”

[11] Ford C, Robert, Frank McLaughlin S., and John Newstrom W. 2003. “Questions and Answers about Fun at Work.” HR. Human Resource Planning 26: 18.

[12] Ghozali, Imam. 2016. Aplikasi Analisis Multivariete Dengan Program IBM SPSS 23. 8thed. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

[13] Hanaysha, Jalal. 2016. “Testing the Effects of Employee Engagement, Work Environment, and Organizational Learning on Organizational Commitment.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 229. The Author(s): 289–97.

[14] Hasibuan, Malayu S. P. 2009. Manajemen: Dasar, Pengertian, Dan Masalah. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

[15] Ilies, Remus, and Timothy A. Judge. 2002. “Understanding the Dynamic Relationships among Personality, Mood, and Job Satisfaction: A Field Experience Sampling Study.” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 89 (2): 1119–39.

[16] In, Chan Ying, and Yu Hiu Ching. 2010. “Workplace Fun and Job Satisfaction : The Moderating Effects of Attitudes toward Fun,” no. April.

[17] Jaramillo, Fernando, Jay Prakash Mulki, and Greg W. Marshall. 2005. “A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Organizational Commitment and Salesperson Job Performance: 25 Years of Research.” Journal of Business Research 58 (6): 705–14.

[18] Judge, Timothy A., Carl J. Thoresen, Joyce E. Bono, and Gregory K. Patton. 2001. “The Job Satisfaction-Job Performance Relationship: A Qualitative and Quantitative Review.” Psychological Bulletin 127 (3): 376–407.

[19] Karl, Katherine A, and Joy V Peluchette. 2006. “Does Workplace Fun Buffer the Impact of Emotional Exhaustion on Job Dissatisfaction?: A Study of Health Care Workers.” Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management 7 (2): 128–41.

[20] Kreitner, Robert, and Angelo J Kinicki. 2010. Organizational Behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill.

[21] Lee, Olivia F., James A. Tan, and Rajeshekhar Javalgi. 2010. “Goal Orientation and Organizational Commitment: Individual Difference Predictors of Job Performance.” International Journal of Organizational Analysis 18 (1): 129–50.

[22] Luthans, Fred. 2011. Organizational Behavior : An Evidence-Based Approach. McGraw-Hill/Irwin. 12th ed. Paul Ducham.

[23] Meyer, John P., and Natalie J. Allen. 1991. “A Three-Component Model Conceptualization of Organizational Commitment.” Human Resource Management Review 1 (1): 61–89.

[24] Meyer, John P., and Lynne Herscovitch. 2001. “Commitment in the Workplace: Toward a General Model.” Human Resource Management Review 11 (3): 299–326.

[25] Patel, Bhoomi, and Tarjani Desai. 2013. “Effect of Workplace Fun on Employee Morale and Performance.” International Journal of Scientific Research 2 (5): 323–26.

[26] Plester, Barbara, Helena Cooper-Thomas, and Joanne Winquist. 2015. “The Fun Paradox.” Employee Relations 37 (3): 380–98.

[27] Poon, June M.L. 2004. “Career Commitment and Career Success: Moderating Role of Emotion Perception.” Career Development International 9 (4): 374–90.

[28] Putri, E. R., Udin, & Djastuti, I. 2019. 'Structural empowerment and service-oriented organizational citizenship behavior: The mediating roles of innovativeness and job satisfaction. ” Quality-Access to Success, 20(170), 112-117.

[29] Robbins, Steven P., and Timothy A. Judge. 2015. Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

[30] Rockman, Ilene F. 2003. “Fun in the Workplace.” Reference Services Review 31 (2): 109–10.

[31] Sekaran, Uma. 2006. Metodologi Penelitian Untuk Bisnis. 4thed. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

[32] Tews, Michael J., John W. Michel, and Albert Bartlett. 2012. “The Fundamental Role of Workplace Fun in Applicant Attraction.” Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies 19 (1): 105–14.

[33] Udin, Handayani, S., Yuniawan, A., & Rahardja, E. 2017. “Antecedents and Consequences of Affective Commitment among Indonesian Engineers Working in Automobile Sector: An Investigation of Affecting Variables for Improvement in Engineers Role.” International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(10), 70– 79.

[34] Weiss, Howard M. 2002. “Deconstructing Job Satisfaction: Separating Evaluations, Beliefs and Affective Experience.” Human Resource Management Review 12 (2): 173–94.

[35] Wikaningrum, T., Udin, & Yuniawan, A. 2018. “The relationships among leadership styles, communication skills, and employee satisfaction: A study on equal employment opportunity in leadership.” Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, 13(1), 125-134.

[36] Yanti. 2013. “Pengaruh Workplace Fun Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Berdasarkan Generational Differences (Studi Pada PT. BXY).”

WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1109-9526 / 2224-2899, Volume 16, 2019, Art. #18, pp. 153-162

Copyright Β© 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0