Plenary Lecture

Adaptation and Desadaptation to Ultra-Endurance Athletic Training

Professor Jaroslav Novak
Institute of Sports Medicine
Medical Faculty of Charles University
Plzen (Pilsen), Czech Republic

Abstract: Ultra-endurance athletic training brings numerous benefits to all ultra-athletes. There is a reduced risk of many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and some cancers. Physical activity also boosts self-esteem, mood, sleep quality and energy, as well as reduces risk of stress, depression, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. High cardio-respiratory capacity protects not only against cardiovascular disease, but is also related to increased bone density, lower cholesterol level, lower body fat content and reduced blood pressure. Training of this kind reduces all five risk factors of cardio-metabolic syndrome.
However, ultra-endurance athletic activity can evoke also several health risks. Ultra-athletes tend to get hurt – sport-related injuries keep them from training for certain time almost every year. Connected to competition delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS), “hitting the wall” related to hypoglycemia, dehydration, hyperthermia, increased myoglobinaemia and myoglobinuria, kidney failure and other more or less serious health problems can occur. Also inhibiting of immune system and unfavorable heart arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation) later in life were observed.
Ultra-endurance sport is a way of life and ultra-athletes are a unique subculture of people who are striving to challenge themselves both mentally, physically and emotionally. Interdisciplinary collaboration and personalized interpretation of findings is needed in this interesting area of research.

Brief Biography of the Speaker: TBA

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