Plenary Lecture

Emphasis on Environmental Pollution Caused by Power Plant Operation in Oltenia Region, Romania

Professor Niculae Boteanu
University of Craiova

Abstract: Environmental pollution is emphasized as the contamination with materials that interact with human health, quality of life or the natural function of living organisms and their environment. Even if sometimes environmental pollution is a result of natural causes, most of pollutants emerge from human activities. Biodegradable and non-degradable pollutants can be. Biodegradable pollutants become a problem when accumulate faster than they can decompose naturally. Degradable pollutants represent items that do not break down or decompose very slowly in the natural environment, making difficult or even impossible to remove pollution from the environment once the contamination appeared. The most common forms of pollution are: water pollution, soil pollution, and air pollution. These basic elements of life seem to be most affected by the irresponsible actions of human beings.
Environmental pollution has emerged along with the man, but it has grown and diversified as the evolution of human society, reaching today one of the important concerns of specialists in various fields of science and technology, actually of the entire population of the Earth. This is because the danger represented by increased pollution and continually increase that requiring urgent action at national and international levels, in the spirit of ideas for combating pollution. As industrial development, population growth and modernization of technology, pollution had expanded, pollutants have increased and occurred readily biodegradable waste (detergents, synthetic pesticides, radioactive waste). When the amount of pollutants exceeds the capacity of neutralizing of the environment, ecosystems undergoe alteration to their destruction, resulting in the emergence of zones without life. The Kyoto Convention (2002) had established rules and terms of supervision of the determining the greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, ozone and chlorofluorocarbons). The strategy provided for Atmospheric Protection, according to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva (2004) and Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (2005), is focused also on the reduction of emissions of nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and other air pollutants that lead to environmental acidification.

Brief Biography of the Speaker: Niculae Boteanu is currently an Associate Professor in Mekatronics, Transportation Systems and Environment in the Electrical Engineering Faculty of the University of Craiova, Romania. He is graduate from the Electrotechnics Faculty of Craiova and he received the Ph.D degree from the University of Petrosani. In Publishing House he is author of four books in mekatronics, transportation systems and environmental engineering areas. Research work is focused on improved solutions for control and optimization of transportation systems and command of meckatronics structures. He has extensive experience in both experimental and theoretical research work, certified by over 40 journal and conference research papers and 20 research projects from industry. He had participated in 4 WSEAS International Conferences, presenting papers and attending the scientific meetings. He has also 2 papers published by NAUN International Journals.

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