Other Articles by Author(s)

Peter Z. Revesz

Author(s) and WSEAS

Peter Z. Revesz

WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications

Print ISSN: 1790-0832
E-ISSN: 2224-3402

Volume 14, 2017

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of WSEAS Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

A Translation of the Arkalochori Axe and the Malia Altar Stone

AUTHORS: Peter Z. Revesz

Download as PDF

ABSTRACT: This paper presents a translation of the Arkalochori Axe and the Malia Altar Stone inscriptions, which are some of the longest known Cretan Hieroglyph inscriptions together with the Phaistos Disk. The translations are checked using two consistency criteria. First, a synoptic transliteration is used that aligns symbols from several scripts that are evolutionarily related. When the phonetic values of the different cognate scripts match, then the synoptic transliteration strengthens the reliability of the derived phonetic values. Second, the translations of the Arkalochori Axe, the Malia Altar Stone and the Phaistos Disk inscriptions are also shown to be consistent.

KEYWORDS: computational linguistics, decipherment, hieroglyph, inscription, script family, translation, transliteration


[1] W. Achterberg, J. Best, K. Enzler, L. Rietveld, and F. Woudhuizen, The Phaistos Disc: A Luwian Letter to Nestor, Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society, 2004.

[2] L. Benkő, Az Árpád-kor Magyar Nyelvű Szövegemlékei, Régi Magyar Irodalomtudományi Intézet, 1980.

[3] S. Boutsikos, Malia Altar Stone, Available at: http://the-phaistos-disk.webnode.com/maliaaltar-stone/, downloaded May 11, 2017.

[4] G. Brandt et al., Ancient DNA Reveals Key Stages in the Formation of Central European Mitochondrial Genetic Diversity, Science, Vol. 342, No. 6155, 2013, pp. 257-261.

[5] J. Campbell, Occidental Mythology: The Masks of God, Viking Penguin, 1962.

[6] J. Chadwick, The Decipherment of Linear B, Cambridge University Press, 1958.

[7] F. Chapouthier, Inscription Hiéroglyphique Gravée sur un Bloc de Calcaire, Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique Vol. 62, 1938, pp. 104-109.

[8] Y. Duhoux, How Not to Decipher the Phaistos Disc, American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 104, No. 3, 2000, pp. 597–600.

[9] S. Forrai, The Old Hungarian Writing from Ancient Times to the Present, (in Hungarian), Antológia Kiadó, 1994.

[10] G. Hosszú, Heritage of Scribes: The Relation of Rovas Scripts to Eurasian Writing Systems, Rovas Foundation Hungary, 2013.

[11] P.C. Kanellakis, G.M. Kuper, P.Z. Revesz, Constraint Query Languages, Journal of Computer and System Sciences, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1995, pp. 26-52.

[12] N. Marinatos, Minoan Kingship and the Solar Goddess: A Near Eastern Koine, University of Illinois Press, 2010.

[13] J.-P. Olivier, Cretan Writing in the Second Millennium B.C., World Archaeology, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1986, pp. 377–389.

[14] J.-P. Olivier, L. Godart and J.-C. Poursat, Corpus Hieroglyphicarum Inscriptionum Cretae (Études Crétoises 31), De Boccard, 1996.

[15] P.Z. Revesz, Introduction to Databases: From Biological to Spatio-Temporal, Springer, 2010.

[16] P.Z. Revesz, An Algorithm for Constructing Evolutionary Trees Using Common Mutation Matrixes, In: Proc. 4th ACM International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, ACM Press, 2013, pp. 731-734.

[17] P.Z. Revesz, A computational translation of the Phaistos Disk, In: Mathematical Models and Computational Methods, Imre J. Rudas, editor, INASE Press, 2015, pp. 53-57.

[18] P.Z. Revesz, A Computer-Aided Translation of the Phaistos Disk, International Journal of Computers, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2016, pp. 94-100.

[19] P.Z. Revesz, A Computer-Aided Translation of the Cretan Hieroglyph Script, International Journal of Signal Processing, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 127-133.

[20] P.Z. Revesz, Bioinformatics evolutionary tree algorithms reveal the history of the Cretan script family, International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2016, pp. 67-76.

[21] M. Shortridge, T. Triplet, P.Z. Revesz, M. Griep, R. Powers, Computational Biology and Chemistry, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2011, pp. 24-33.

[22] Wikipedia, “Carian alphabets,” downloaded April 5, 2017. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carian_alphabets

[23] F. Woudhuizen, The Earliest Cretan Scripts, Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, 2006.

[24] J. G. Younger, The Cretan Hieroglyph Script: A Review Article, Minos Vol. 31-32, 1996- 1997, pp. 379-400.

[25] P. Yule, Early Cretan Seals: A Study of Chronology, Marburger Studien zur Vor und Frühgeschichte, 1981.

[26] G. Zaicz, chief editor, Etimológiai Szótár: Magyar Szavak és Toldalékok Eredete, (Etymological Dictionary: Origin of Hungarian Words and Affixes), Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006.

WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1790-0832 / 2224-3402, Volume 14, 2017, Art. #14, pp. 124-133

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Bulletin Board


The editorial board is accepting papers.

WSEAS Main Site